The immunogenicity of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines in kidney transplant recipients is limited, resulting in inadequately low serological response rates and low immunoglobulin (Ig) levels, correlating with reduced protection against death and hospitalization from COVID-19. We retrospectively examined the time course of anti-SARS-CoV-2 Ig antibody levels after up to five repeated vaccinations in 644 previously nonresponding kidney transplant recipients. Using anti SARS-CoV-2 IgG/IgA ELISA and the total Ig ECLIA assays, we compared antibody levels at 1 month with levels at 2 and 4 months, respectively. Additionally, we correlated the measurements of the used assays. Between 1 and 2 months, and between 1 and 4 months, mean anti-SARS-CoV-2 Ig levels in responders decreased by 14% and 25%, respectively, depending on the assay. Absolute Ig values and time course of antibody levels showed high interindividual variability. Ig levels decreased by at least 20% in 77 of 148 paired samples with loss of sufficient serological protection over time occurring in 18 out of 148 (12.2%). IgG ELISA and total Ig ECLIA assays showed a strong positive correlation (Kendall's tau = 0.78), yet the two assays determined divergent results in 99 of 751 (13.2%) measurements. IgG and IgA assays showed overall strong correlation but divergent results in 270 of 1.173 (23.0%) cases and only weak correlation of antibody levels in positive samples. Large interindividual variability and significant loss of serological response after 4 months supports repeated serological sampling and consideration of shorter vaccination intervals in kidney transplant recipients.