HLA-B*27:05 is associated with the development of autoimmune spondyloarthropathies, but the precise causal relationship between the MHC haplotype and disease pathogenesis is yet to be elucidated. Studies focusing on the structure and cellular trafficking of HLA-B*27:05 implicate several links between the onset of inflammation and the unusual conformations of the molecule inside and at the surface of antigen presenting cells. Several lines of evidence emphasize the emergence of those unnatural protein conformations under conditions where peptide loading onto B*27:05 is impaired. To understand how cellular factors distinguish between poorly loaded molecules from the optimally loaded ones, we have investigated the intracellular transport, folding, and cell surface expression of this particular B27 subtype. Our findings show that B*27:05 is structurally unstable in the absence of peptide, and that an artificially introduced disulfide bond between residues 84 and 139 conferred enhanced conformational stability to the suboptimally loaded molecules. Empty or suboptimally loaded B*27:05 can escape intracellular retention and arrive at the cell surface leading to the appearance of increased number of β2m-free heavy chains. Our study reveals a general mechanism found in the early secretory pathways of murine and human cells that apply to the quality control of MHC class I molecules, and it highlights the allotype-specific structural features of HLA-B*27:05 that can be associated with aberrant antigen presentation and that might contribute to the etiology of disease.