Theories in Ancient, Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy and Medicine
Julião, Ricardo; Presti, Roberto Lo; Perler, Dominik; Eijk, Philip van der
Year of publication:
This paper discusses theories of memory as developed by philosophers and
medical writers from Graeco-Roman antiquity, the Middle Ages and the Early
Modern period. While philosophers had much to say on the nature of memory and
recollection, their epistemo- logical role and their relationship to other
functions of the soul, medical writers concen- trated on the anatomy,
physiology, pathology and indeed the therapeutics of memory and recollection.
Yet the close relationship between philosophical and medical approaches was
most clearly visible in discussions about the bodily location of memory, where
theoretical concepts of the hierarchy of faculties of the soul were connected
with clinical observations of memory failure as a result of injury or disease.