Background: Parents of school-age children with food allergies and potential anaphylactic reactions want their children to have an unburdened and risk-free everyday school life. Thus, particularly in the case of peanut allergy, demands for peanut-free schools are put forward.
Results and discussion: The position paper of the food allergy working group of the German Society for Allergology and Clinical Immunology (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Allergologie und klinische Immunologie) highlights why the concept of peanut-free schools does not protect peanut allergic children, but rather bears potential disadvantages and risks for all those involved. The focus on peanut as a potential trigger of anaphylactic reactions ignores other relevant triggers.
Conclusion: In order to address the fears and concerns of patients, parents, and school staff, it is mandatory to develop various coping strategies. These should enable and ensure the safety and participation of food-allergic pupils in classes and other school activities. Therefore, it is important to implement adequate measures for allergen avoidance and emergency treatment for students with confirmed food allergies.