The evaporation of droplets is an important process not only in industrial and scientific applications, but also in the airborne transmission of viruses and other infectious agents. We derive analytical and semi-analytical solutions of the coupled heat and mass diffusion equations within a spherical droplet and in the ambient vapor phase that describe the evaporation process of aqueous free droplets containing nonvolatile solutes. Our results demonstrate that the solute-induced water vapor-pressure reduction considerably slows down the evaporation process and dominates the solute-concentration dependence of the droplet evaporation time. The evaporation-induced enhanced solute concentration near the droplet surface, which is accounted for using a two-stage evaporation description, is found to further slow-down the drying process. On the other hand, the presence of solutes is found to produce a lower limit for the droplet size that can be reached by evaporation and, also, to reduce evaporation cooling of the droplet, which tend to decrease the evaporation time. Overall, the first two effects are dominant, meaning that the droplet evaporation time increases in the presence of solutes. Local variation of the water diffusivity inside the droplet near its surface, which is a consequence of the solute-concentration dependence of the diffusion coefficient, does not significantly change the evaporation time. Crust formation on the droplet surface increases the final equilibrium size of the droplet by producing a hollow spherical particle, the outer radius of which is determined as well.