Introduction: Gender has been proven to influence the pathophysiology and treatment of numerous diseases, including kidney diseases and hormonal dysfunction like hyperparathyroidism. Thus, higher parathormone levels have been demonstrated in women with end-stage kidney disease, when compared to men.
Objectives: We questioned whether female gender is associated with an increased risk for parathyroid nodular hyperplasia and necessary parathyroidectomy in dialysis patients and assessed demographics as well as outcome data for women and men undergoing parathyroidectomy for renal hyperparathyroidism.
Patients and Methods: One hundred and thirty patients (men = 75, female = 55) with end-stage renal disease on chronic dialysis and advanced secondary hyperparathyroidism who underwent parathyroidectomy between 2008 and 2014 at our center were analyzed retrospectively. Perioperative characteristics and short-term outcome were evaluated with respect to biological gender.
Results: No differences could be demonstrated for patient demography, comorbidities and the perioperative course between males and females. Only preoperative calcium levels were lower in female than in male patients (2.3 +/- 0.19 vs. 2.3 +/- 0.26, p = 0.04). There were more women, however, with cerebrovascular complications during follow-up (p = 0.04). There was no postoperative mortality, and all complications and comorbidities with exception of cerebrovascular diseases were equally distributed between female and male patients.
Conclusion: Overall, we could not demonstrate many significant differences between male and female patients with end-stage renal diseases, chronic dialysis and operated secondary hyperparathyroidism. Only preoperative electrolyte levels were higher in male than in female patients, and cerebrovascular complications developed more often in females than in males during long-term follow-up.