Biocompatible, environmentally responsive, and scalable nanocarriers are needed for targeted and triggered delivery of therapeutic proteins. Suitable polymers, preparation methods, and crosslinking chemistries must be considered for nanogel formation. Biocompatible dendritic polyglycerol (dPG) is used in the mild, surfactant-free inverse nanoprecipitation method for nanogel preparation. The biocompatible, fast, and bioorthogonal inverse electron demand Diels-Alder (iEDDA) crosslinking chemistry is used. In this work, the synthesis of pH-degradable nanogels, based on tetrazine, norbonene, and bicyclo[6.1.0]nonyne (BCN) functionalized macromonomers, is reported. The macromonomers are non-toxic up to 2.5 mg mL−1 in three different cell lines. Nanogels are obtained in the size range of 47 to 200 nm and can be degraded within 48 h at pH 4.5 (BA-gels), and pH 3 (THP-gels), respectively. Encapsulation of asparaginase (32 kDa) yield encapsulation efficiencies of up to 93% at 5 wt.% feed. Overall, iEDDA-crosslinked pH-degradable dPG-nanogels from inverse nanoprecipitation are promising candidates for biomedical applications.