Doxorubicin (DOX) is an effective anthracycline antibiotic drug which is commonly used in a broad range cancer therapy. However, due to dose depending side effects and toxicity to non-cancerous tissues, its clinical applications are restricted. To overcome these limitations, human serum albumin (HSA) has been investigated as a biocompatible drug delivery vehicle. In this study, human serum albumin submicron particles (HSA-MPs) were fabricated by using the Co-precipitation-Crosslinking-Dissolution technique (CCD technique) and DOX was loaded into the protein particles by absorption. DOX-HSA-MPs showed uniform peanut-like shape, submicron size and negative zeta-potential (-13 mV). The DOX entrapment efficiency was 25% of the initial amount. The in vitro release in phosphate buffered saline pH 7.4 was less than 1% within 5 h. In contrast, up to 40% of the entrapped DOX was released in presence of a protein digesting enzyme mixture (Pronase®) within the same time. In addition, in vitro cytotoxicity and cellular uptake of DOX-HSA-MPs were evaluated using the lung carcinoma cell line A549. The results demonstrated that DOX-HSA-MPs reduced the cell metabolic activities after 72 h. Interestingly, DOX-HSA-MPs were taken up by A549 cells up to 98% and localized in the cell lysosomal compartment. This study suggests that DOX-HSA-MPs which was fabricated by CCD technique is seen as a promising biopolymer particle as well as a viable alternative for drug delivery application to use for cancer therapy.