Macrophages are specialized antigen-presenting cells that process and present self-antigens for induction of tolerance, and foreign antigens to initiate T cell-mediated immunity. Despite this, Leishmania donovani (LD) are able to parasitize the macrophages and persist. The impact of this parasitizing and persistence on antigen processing and presentation by macrophages remains poorly defined. To gain insight into this, we analyzed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and compared the HLA-I self-peptidomes, proteasome compositions, HLA expression and activation states of non-infected and LD-infected THP1-derived macrophages. We found that, though both HLA-I peptidomes were dominated by nonapeptides, they were heterogeneous and individualized, with differences in HLA binding affinities and anchor residues. Non-infected and LD-infected THP1-derived macrophages were able to sample peptides from source proteins of almost all subcellular locations and involved in various cellular functions, but in different proportions. In the infected macrophages, there was increased sampling of plasma membrane and extracellular proteins, and those involved in immune responses, cell communication/signal transduction and metabolism/energy pathways, and decreased sampling of nuclear and cytoplasmic proteins and those involved in protein metabolism, RNA binding and cell growth and/or maintenance. Though the activation state of infected macrophages was unchanged, their proteasome composition was altered.