Climate change is a growing challenge facing the entire world. Today, most
actions are aimed at mitigation. However, some climate change impacts will be
unavoidable. This explains a growing interest in adaptation to climate change.
On a political level, adaptation is a challenging concept. At this level,
there is a growing literature on “climate policy integration” theory (stemming
from the environmental policy integration paradigm). It proposes to take
climate change into account in each and every sectoral policy. This
contribution addresses the way to integrate climate change adaptation into
policies. We will focus on regional and external adaptation strategies, from a
theoretical and practical perspective. First, we will present the concept of
adaptation, as a political challenge. The “climate policy integration” theory
will be defined and its practical application, which has links with both
vertical and horizontal integration of adaptation, will be explained. A second
part of our paper will address the practical implementation of climate change
adaptation at two policy levels. We will first analyse regional adaptation
strategies and plans of several European countries, with regards to
integration of adaptation in different sectors. These policy instruments will
be analysed, as well as the perception of adaptation by various concerned
actors at the regional level. Secondly, the focus will be on how adaptation to
climate change can be integrated into external policies. This will be studied
through development aid. Two different approaches will be described.
Institutions such as the E.U. or the World Bank often highlight the need to
take climate change into account while working on any development projects.
This is the so-called mainstreaming approach. On the contrary, a sectoral
approach of adaptation, such as proposed by NAPAs , will be aimed at reducing
the vulnerability of a specific sector. Both approaches will be analysed,
through scientific and official literature.
300 Sozialwissenschaften::320 Politikwissenschaft
Adaptation to climate change
a challenge of integration
Politik- und Sozialwissenschaften
Otto-Suhr-Institut für Politikwissenschaft / Forschungszentrum für Umweltpolitik (FFU)
Berlin Conference on Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change