Hydrogen donors in ZnO and rutile TiO2 are probed by means of photoconductivity and IR absorption. It is shown that the O–H bonds giving rise to the local vibrational modes (LVMs) of interstitial hydrogen at 3611 and 3290 cm−1 in the case of ZnO and TiO2, respectively, also occur in the photoconductivity spectra as Fano resonances. The effects of isotope substitution, concentration, sample thickness, influence of other donors present in both oxides are considered. Based on the shape and frequency of these resonances, it is concluded that the apparent ionization energy of interstitial hydrogen in rutile TiO2 is less than 300 meV. By a direct comparison, we also demonstrate that photoconductive detection of LVMs of defects in thin semiconductor films is superior to the standard IR absorption.