Aims: Galectin-3 (Gal-3) predicts long-term outcome among patients with heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). The ability of Gal-3 to diagnose and predict incident HFpEF in a cohort at risk for HFpEF is of particular interest. We aimed to determine the association between Gal-3 and clinical manifestations of HFpEF, the relationship between Gal-3 and all-cause mortality, or the composite of cardiovascular hospitalization and death.
Methods and results: The observational Diast-CHF study included patients aged 50 to 85 years with ≥1 risk factor for HF (e.g. hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and atherosclerotic disease) or previously suspected HF. Patients were followed for 10 years. The association between Gal-3, evidence of diastolic dysfunction, and Framingham criteria for HF was examined. All deaths and hospitalizations were adjudicated as cardiovascular or non-cardiovascular. The analysis population was composed of 1386 subjects (67 years old, 50.9% female). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve to diagnose HFpEF was 0.71. At a cut-off value of 13.57 ng/mL, sensitivity was 0.61 and specificity was 0.73 for Gal-3, and the diagnostic power to detect HFpEF was superior to N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve 0.59, P > 0.001). Baseline Gal-3 was associated with risk factors for HF (P < 0.001). Higher levels of Gal-3 predicted incident HFpEF (P < 0.05), adjusted all-cause mortality (P < 0.001), and the adjusted composite of cardiovascular hospitalization and death (P < 0.001), both independent from N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide.
Conclusions: Gal-3 differentiated patients with HFpEF from an overall cohort of well-characterized patients with risk factors for HFpEF. Independent of other factors, baseline Gal-3 levels were associated with a higher risk for incident HFpEF, mortality, or the composite of cardiovascular hospitalization and death over 10 year follow-up. In conjunction with clinical parameters, Gal-3 adds a statistically significant value for the diagnosis of HFpEF within this study, yet the clinical relevance remains debatable.
600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften::610 Medizin und Gesundheit::610 Medizin und Gesundheit
The diagnostic and prognostic value of galectin‐3 in patients at risk for heart failure with preserved ejection fraction: results from the DIAST‐CHF study
ESC Heart Failure
Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin