The liver is composed of different cell populations. Interactions of different cell populations can be investigated by a newly established indirect co-culture system consisting of immortalised primary human hepatocytes and human monocyte derived macrophages (MDMs). Using the time-dependent cytokine secretion of the co-cultures and single cultures, correlation networks (including the cytokines G-CSF, CCL3, MCP-1, CCL20, FGF, TGF-β1, GM-CSF, IL-8 IL-6, IL-1β, and IL-18) were generated and the correlations were validated by application of IL-8 and TNF-α-neutralising antibodies. The data reveal that IL-8 is crucial for the interaction between hepatocytes and macrophages in vitro. In addition, transcriptome analyses showed that a change in the ratio between macrophages and hepatocytes may trigger pro-inflammatory signalling pathways of the acute phase response and the complement system (release of, e.g., certain cyto- and chemokines). Using diclofenac and LPS showed that the release of cytokines is increasing with higher ratios of MDMs. Altogether, we could demonstrate that the current co-culture system is better suited to mirror the in vivo situation when compared to previously established co-culture systems composed of HepG2 and differentiated THP-1 cells. Further, our data reveal that the cytokine IL-8 is crucial for the interaction between hepatocytes and macrophages in vitro.
Monocyte derived macrophages
Cytokine correlation network
500 Naturwissenschaften und Mathematik::570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie::570 Biowissenschaften; Biologie
Novel indirect co-culture of immortalised hepatocytes with monocyte derived macrophages is characterised by pro-inflammatory cytokine networks
Toxicology in Vitro
Biologie, Chemie, Pharmazie
Institut für Pharmazie