The ability to form an efficient interface between material and neural cells is a crucial aspect for construction of neuroelectrodes. Diamond offers material characteristics that could, to a large extent, improve the performance of neuroelectrodes. The greatest advantage of diamond is a large variety of material and surface properties such as electrical conductivity, surface morphology, and surface chemistry. Such a variety of material characteristics can lead to various cellular responses. Here, the authors compare survival, adhesion, and neurite formation of primary neurons on diamond thin films of various morphologies and treatments with several types of polymers commonly used to enhance cell adhesion. The authors find that the variation of surface roughness of nanocrystalline diamond film when coated with polymer does not have a major influence on neuron survival or adhesion. The adhesion of neurons can be influenced by the selected type of polymer coating. High molecular weight of polyethylenimine results in lower viability, adhesion, and neurite formation. The addition of laminin to treated films do not lead to significant improvements in neuron adhesion and neurite development. Their findings emphasize the importance of the correct polymer treatment over morphological properties of diamond thin films as a material for forming interfaces with primary neurons.