Simple Summary: Through combined information about spatial spread in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET), gallium-68-labeled (DOTA0-Phe1-Tyr3) octreotide (Ga68-DOTATOC) PET/MRI before radiosurgery allows safe treatment planning for optic nerve sheath meningiomas (ONSM). Moreover, because of specific receptor stocking, diagnostic accuracy is improved without the need for biopsy. Thus, Ga68-DOTATOC-PET/MRI can be considered a safe "one-stop shop" image tool prior to radiosurgery for ONSM.
Abstract: Optic nerve sheath meningiomas (ONSM) are rare but can lead to irreversible blindness. Hybrid imaging may enhance tumor delineation and diagnostic accuracy via receptor binding. However, relevant clinical data for ONSM are lacking. We evaluated the feasibility of receptor-based hybrid imaging prior to robotic radiosurgery (RRS). We retrospectively analyzed all of our institution's patients with suspected ONSM who underwent combined positron emission tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI) with gallium-68-labeled (DOTA0-Phe1-Tyr3) octreotide (Ga68-DOTATOC) before RRS between 2018 and 2019. Eight patients with ten suspected ONSM (female = 7; median age, 51.2 years; IQR, 43.0-66.0) were included. Nine out of ten ONSM were deemed PET-positive with a median standard uptake value (SUV) max of 5.6 (IQR, 2.6-7.8). For all nine ONSM that presented 68Ga-DOTATOC uptake, hybrid PET/MRI was used for target volume contouring prior to RSS. At a median follow-up of 11.7 months (IQR, 9.4-16.4), tumor control was achieved in all patients. Radiosurgery resulted in the improvement of visual acuity in two of eight patients, whereas six showed stable vision. Ga68-DOTATOC-PET/MRI can be used for target volume contouring prior to RRS for ONSM as it enables safe treatment planning and improves diagnostic accuracy.