Throughout history, societies have performed water management to provide
themselves with water for several purposes. Here, three main entities of water
management can be distinguished, which are: water availability, water
technology and social organization. These three entities with their
specifications and some examples will be presented in this study. The study
categorizes and classifies some basic terms of water management, with a focus
on the antique Mediterranean. For a holistic analysis of water management we
suggest the utilization of an integrated approach called social ecology.