Schrot, Joachim; Weng, Alexander; Melzig, Matthias F.
Datum der Freigabe:
Ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIPs) are toxins that act as N-glycosidases
(EC 18.104.22.168). They are mainly produced by plants and classified as type 1
RIPs and type 2 RIPs. There are also RIPs and RIP related proteins that cannot
be grouped into the classical type 1 and type 2 RIPs because of their
different sizes, structures or functions. In addition, there is still not a
uniform nomenclature or classification existing for RIPs. In this review, we
give the current status of all known plant RIPs and we make a suggestion about
how to unify those RIPs and RIP related proteins that cannot be classified as
type 1 or type 2 RIPs.